The second module in this IEEE Brain eLearning Module series covers Neuroethics in Focus. This session will expand on the first module, Ethical Issues in Neural Technologies, by considering in detail four specific cases of ethical issue that have arisen in the context of neural technologies. These cases include cochlear implants, deep brain stimulation, brain computer interfaces, and neuroimaging. Participants will find this second module a natural expansion on the first module and will be both compelled and challenged by the cases and ethical issues that are discussed throughout. Participants will be able to continue reflecting on the lessons learned from these cases and how they might be extended into future research and development of neural technologies.