IEEE OFCCT 2023: Keynote 2.5: The Global Citizen Safety and Security. From Pandemics to the Effects of Climate Change, Migration and the Challenges of Multiple Complex Emergencies and Large-Scale Disasters
IEEE Members: Free
Non-members: FreeLength: 01:00:33
25 Oct 2023
Thanks to many of the advancements in Science and Technology, life expectancy for the average person in the world has steadily increased from 2.5 billion in 1950 to over 8 billion by 2022. As individuals live longer, more chronic conditions manifest in their lifetimes, which translates in unsustainable increases in healthcare expenses, towards the end of life. Urban and suburban areas keep growing demographically and their population densities are becoming "hot spots" for the transmission of infectious diseases, that could decimate entire populations. Prevention is key to lowering the costs while improving quality of life. Urbanization and overpopulation have created huge amounts of garbage, not just plastics, but toxic waste, water, air, and soil. According to the Lancet Commission on Pollution and Health most of the pollution deaths occur in poorer nations and in some, such as India, Chad, and Madagascar, pollution causes a quarter of all deaths. It kills at least nine million people and costs trillions of dollars every year and warns the crisis "threatens the continuing survival of human societies". The effects of climate change create additional strains and challenges to our systems. Simultaneous droughts, fires, and floods worldwide, not only affect agriculture and food production but the accelerated melting of existing glaciers has an impact on the availability of drinking water in critical and overpopulated areas around the world. In addition, rising land temperatures and rising sea levels are producing major forced migration problems to many nations. Climate change and global warming are two factors that society cannot ignore since future conflicts will be caused by the availability of water, food, and energy, all required for human survival.